|TREATY MADE AND CONCLUDED AT THE VILLAGE OF SANTA YSABEL, CALIFORNIA,
BETWEEN O.M. WOZENCRAFT, UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENT, AND THE CAPTAINS AND
HEAD MEN OF THE NATION OF DIEGUINO INDIANS, JANUARY 7, 1852.
A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at the village of Santa
Ysabel, California, between the United States Indian agent, O. M.
January 7, 1852 Wozencraft, of the one part, and the captains and head men of the
unratified nation of Dieguino Indians of the other part.
ARTICLE 1. The several tribes of the above mentioned nation do acknowledge the United States to be the sole and absolute sovereigns of all the soil and territory ceded to them by a treaty of peace made between them and the republic of Mexico.
ART. 2. The said nation of Indians and the several tribes thereof, acknowledge
themselves, jointly and severally, under the exclusive jurisdiction, authority
and protection of the United States, and hereby bind themselves hereafter
to refrain from the commission of all acts of hostility and aggression
towards the government or citizens thereof, and to live on terms of peace
and friendship among themselves,
ART. 3. To promote the settlement and improvement of said nations it
is hereby stipulated and agreed that the following district of country,
in the State of California shall be and is hereby set apart forever, for
the sole use and occupancy of the afore-said nation of Indians, still reserving
to the government of the United States all minerals found thereon, to wit;
commencing at the southern line of the State at the eastern base of the
Sierra Nevada mountain and on the desert, and running along the base northerly
to the southeastern corner of the reservation set apart fur the Kah-we-as,
San Luis, and Co-con-cah-ra nations of Indians, thence following the southern
lines of the same to the northwestern corner of the grant of the San Jose
del Vail., thence following the boundaries thereof by south and east to
the southeastern comer of it, thence on a right line to the northwestern
corner of the San Fleipe grant, thence on the western line of the same
to the southwestern comer thereof, thence southerly to the southern line
of the State at a point twenty miles from the place of beginning, thence
along said southern line to the place of beginning To have and to hold
the said district of country for the sole use and occupancy of the said
Indian nation for-ever: Provided, that there is reserved to the government
of the United States the right of way over any portion of said territory
and the right to establish or maintain any military post or posts, public
buildings, school-houses, houses for agents, teachers, and such others
as they may deem necessary fur their use or the protection of the Indians.
ART. 4. To the said nation of Indians, in their sit His flee while removing to and making their settlement upon the said reservation, the United States will furnish them, free of all charge, one thousand eight hundred head of beef cattle, to average in weight five hundred pounds, three hundred and fifty sacks of flour of one hundred pounds each, within the term of two years from the date of this treaty.
ART. 5. As early as convenient after the ratification of this treaty
by the President and Senate, in consideration of the premises, and with
a sincere desire to encourage said nation in acquiring the arts and habits
of civilized life, the United States will also furnish them the following
articles, to be divided among them by the agent according to their respective
numbers and wants in the different tribes, during each of the two years
succeeding the said ratification, viz; one pair strong pantaloons and one
red flannel shirt for each man and boy, one linsey gown, for each woman
and girl, five thousand five hundred yards of calico, three thousand yards
of brown sheeting sixty pounds Scotch thread, four dozen pairs of scissors,
fourteen dozen thimbles, five thousand needles, one 21/2 point Mackinaw
blanket for each man and woman over fifteen years of age; six thousand
pounds of iron and five thousand five hundred pounds of steel; and in like
manner in the first year for the permanent use of said nation, and as the
joint property of the several tribes thereof. viz: one hundred and twenty
brood mares and six stallions, five hundred young cows and thirty bulls,
fifteen yoke working oxen with yokes and chains, sixteen work mules or
horses, thirty-two ploughs assorted sizes, arid sixteen grindstones, and
the necessary seeds of various kinds.
ART. 6. The United States will also employ and settle among said nation,
at or near their towns or settlements, one practical farmer, who shall
superintend all agricultural operations, with two assistants, men of practical
knowledge and industrious habits; one wheelwright, one carpenter, one blacksmith,
one principal school teacher, and as many assistant teachers as the President
may deem proper to instruct said nations in reading, writing, &C.,
and in the domestic arts upon the manual labor system. All the above
named workmen and teachers to be maintained and paid by the United States
for the period of five years, and as long thereafter as the President shall
In testimony whereof, the parties hare hereunto signed their names and
affixed, their seals, this seventh day of January, one thousand eight hundred
Signed, sealed and delivered, after being fully explained, in presence of-
DELAVIN DAVIDSON, Captain 2nd infantry.
ADDENDA.-From the above district of country, set apart for the Indians,
is reserved to the present Owner thereof, the Hon. J. J. Warner, one square
league at Aqua Caliente, to be selected by him for the purpose of improving
the warm springs at said place, in case the said ownership be adjudicated
in his, (Warner's) favor by the land commissioners of California.
Treaty With The SAN LOUIS REY. ETC.. 1852
Treaty Made and Concluded At The Village of Temecula, STATE of CALIFORNIA,
January 5, 1852, Between THE UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENT, 0. M. Wozencraft,
and the Chiefs, and Captains and Head Men Of The San Louis Rey, KAH-WE-AS,
and the Co-com-cah-ras Tribes of Indians.
JOSE YGNACIO, Tesh-mah-ken-ma-wish) of San Ysidro, his x mark. [SEAL.)
JUAN, (Kah-we-a) of Pal-se-wish, his x mark.
Signed, sealed and delivered, after being fully explained, in the presence
ADDENDA.-In case the government of the United States and the actual
proprietor of the Temecula grant cannot agree upon its purchase, the said
government agrees to add some other portion of territory of equal extent
to the above described Indian grant.